2nd semester review guide 2014

2nd Semester Review Guide


Nervous System:

  1. Know the diagram of a neuron
    1. Dendrites, Soma, Myelin Sheath, Axon, Nodes of Ranvier
  2. Know the common function of the 12 cranial nerves
  3. Know the different parts of the brain and their function
    1. Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Pons, Medulla, Gyri, Sulci, Medulla Oblongata
  4. Other terms to know:
    1. Sodium ions, Synaptic cleft, CNS, PNS, Neurotransmitters


Endocrine System:

  1. Terms to know:
    1. Endocrine Gland, Exocrine gland, hormone, tropic hormone, positive feedback, negative feedback, hypersecretion, hyposecretion, prostaglandin, goiter
  2. Know the glands of the endocrine system and the major hormones they produce.
  3. Know the functions of hormones in the body.


Blood & Circulatory System

  1. Terms to know:
    1. Leukocytes, Erythrocytes, Thrombocytes, Pernicious Anemia, Iron Anemia, Polycythemia, Sickle Cell Anemia, Thrombus, Embolus, Antigen, Antibody, Rh factor, Blood types and how to determine them.
  2. More terms to know:  Veins, Arteries, Artioles, Venules, Capillaries, Sphygmomanometer, Myocardial Infarction, Stroke (CVA), Hemorrhage


The Eye:

  1. Diagram -  Know the different parts of the eye
  2. Terms/Functions to know -  Cornea, Iris, Lens, Pupil, Aqueous and Vitreous Humor, Sclera, Choroid Layer, Retina, Rods, Cones, Optic Nerve, Cataracts, Emmetropia, Glaucoma, Astigmatism


Respiratory System:

  1. Diagram -  Know the parts of the respiratory system
    1. Nasal Cavity, Pharynx, Larynx, Epiglottis, Trachea, Primary Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveoli, Diaphragm
  2. Terms to know -  Apnea, Emphysema, Bronchitis, Asthma, COPD, Tuberculosis, Lung cancer
  3. Know the function of cilia and mucous in the respiratory system.
  4. Know why cartilage rings are found in the trachea.


Digestive System:

  1. Diagram -  Know the major structures of the digestive system.
    1. Oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines, pancreas, gall bladder and liver
  2. Know the functions of each of the structures above
  3. Terms to know -  Mastication, Defecation, Uvula, Epiglottis, Constipation, Diarrhea, Peristalsis, Incisors, Canines (Cuspids), Premolars (bicuspids), Molars (tricuspids), Chyme, Sodium bicarbonate, bile